Meet the Faculty

Dr. Siamak Movahedi, Ph.D., FIPA, Cert.Psya, Director, The Institute for the Study of Psychoanalysis, Society and Culture

Personal Statement

Siamak Movahedi, Ph.D., has an L.L.B. in Law (Tehran University), an M.S. in Criminology (California State University), a Ph.D. in Sociology from Washington State University, and a Certificate in Psychoanalysis from the Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis. He is Training and Supervising Analyst and the Director of the Institute for the Study of Psychoanalysis, Society, and Culture at the Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis. He is also a professor of Sociology at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. He has published numerous papers in psychoanalysis, Social psychology and sociology. His papers have appeared in American Sociological Review, American Psychologist, American Imago, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, Modern Psychoanalysis, Sociology and Social Research, Organization, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Comparative Studies in Society and History ; Criminology, Urban Life, and in many other major social science journals. Dr. Movahedi received the Vision Award from the National Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis in 1995.


Cert. Psya., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 1993.
Ph.D., Washington State University, 1971.
M.S., California State University, 1964.


Language and psychoanalysis; the relation between social structure and psychopathology; political suicides and self-destructive behavior; dynamics of diagnostic activity in psychoanalytic situation.

Articles & Book Chapters

Movahedi, S. {co-authored with McKnight, A }(2019). The Evolution of the Notion of Intimacy in Psychoanalysis and Culture. American Imago 76(4), 589-621.

Movahedi, S. (2019). Sigmund Freud’s Most Famous Psychoanalytic Drama and the Man Who Dreamed and Played the Role of the Wolfman. Psychoanalytic Discourse. 4, (May Issue) 19-29.

Movahedi, S. Moshtagh, N. (2019). Persian tales on the couch: Notes on folktales as the mirror of the contemporary cultural struggles with gender and sexuality. International Forum of Psychoanalysis, 28(2): 115-124.

Movahedi, S. (2018). Forty Shades of Gray in Iraninan Intimacy: Cross Cultural Analysis of Intimacy, Chapter 6 in Kanwal, G. and Akhtar, S. (edits). Intimacy: Clinical, Cultural, Digital and Developmental Perspectives. Routhledge Taylor & Francis: 96-108.

Movahedi, S. (2018). “Après un Rêve”: Transference of Passion and the Return of the Hidden Ghost of Desire, Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis/ Revue Canadienne de Psychanalyse, 26 (2), 115-137.

Movahedi, S. (2017). A False Dichotomy between Science and Hermeneutics, and Observation and Interpretation in the Analysis of Manifest Dreams in Clinical Work. Psychoanalytic Discourse, 3 (February).

Movahedi, S., Homayounpour, G. (2016). Il lettino e il chador. L'Annata Psicoanal. Int., 8:151-172.

Movahedi, S. and Moshtagh, N. (2016). Your Smartphone Is Watching You: Evocative Objects of Influence and Fear of Breakdown. Psychoanalytic Review, 103. 623-648.

Movahedi, S. (2015). Contextualized Language and Transferential. Aspects of Context, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, (August) 63: Pp. 641-670

Movahedi, S. and Homayounpour, G (2014). Le divan et le tchador L’Année psychanalytique international. Volume 2014, 2014/1. Pp. 87 à 109.

Movahedi, S. and Homayounpour, G (2014).  Die Couch und der Tschador, L’Année Psychanalytique Internationale, and Internationale Psychoanalyse Band 9: Moderne Pathologien, Pp. 89-1114.

Movahedi, S. (2014). The Narcissism of Minor Differences: The Status Anxiety & Disciplinary Intolerance between Sociology and Psychoanalysis. In L Chancer and J. Andrews (Ed.), The Unhappy Divorce of Sociology and Psychoanalysis, Pp. 140-155 .London, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Movahedi, S. (2013). Did You Say Bizarre? Pocketing the Change as a “Post-interpretive Action.” Modern Psychoanalysis, 38, Pp.189-202.

Movahedi, S. and Homayounpour, G. (2013). Fort!/Da! and the Paradox of Women’s Visibility and Invisibility. Psychoanalysis, Monotheism and Morality: The Sigmund Freud Museum Symposia 2009-2011. Wolfgang Muller-Funk, Ingrid Scholz Strasser, and Herman Westrink (eds). Belgium: Leuvan University Press. Pp. 113-133.

Movahedi, S. & Homayounpour, G. (2013). Divan ve Çarşaf. Uluslararasi Psikanaliz Yilligi (Turkish Annual of the International Journal of Psychoanalysis), 11, 185 – 207.http://www.pandora.com.tr/urun/uluslararasi-psikanaliz-yilligi-2013/293633

Movahedi, S. (2012). Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Reported Dreams and the Problem of Double Hermeneutics in Clinical Research. Journal of Research Practice. Volume 8, Issue 2, Article M12 Retrieved from http://jrp.icaap.org/index.php/jrp/article/view/303/274

Movahedi, S. &  Homayounpour, G. (2012). The Couch and The Chador, International Journal of Psychoanalysis.93:1357–1375

Movahedi, S. & Jacobs, G.(2012). “Death in the Service of

Life: Individual and Cultural Projections and Practices.” In

Marcelline Block and Christina Staudt, eds., Unequal Before Death, Pp. 60-75. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Movahedi, S. (co-authored with Gohar Homayoupour)  (2012). Transferential Discourse in the Language of the (M)other, Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis/ Revue canadienne de psychanalyse, Vol. 20, No. 1, Pp. 114-143.

Death, Fantasy, and Politics of Self-Destruction. Reprinted (by the editor’s invitation) in the Italian journal, I Problemi della Pedagogia. September, 2010.

Wall Street Scandals: The Myth of Individual Greed.” (Co-authored with Laura Hansen).Sociological Forum. V. 25, No. 2, Pp 367-375. September 2010.

What Do Post-Modern Feminists Want From Freud and Psychoanalysis? Modern Psychoanalysis. v. 34, number 2, 2009; Pp. 75-83.

Weaponization of the Body and Politicization of Death. The Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental, v. 12, Pp 71-98, March, 2009.

Psychoanalysis. Entry in The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology,  ed. George Ritzer (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007) Pp. 3694-3696.

Death, Fantasy and The Discovery of the Perverse.  The Psychology of Death in Fantasy and History,has been reprinted in J. Piven (Ed.), Terrorism, Jihad, and Sacred Vengeance. Giessen, GER: Psychosozial-Verlag., 2007.

The “Voice” of the Analysand and the “Subject” of Diagnosis, Contemporary Psychoanalysis: Journal of the William Alanson White Psychoanalytic Society, 41 (No.2):281-305, 2005.

Death, Fantasy and The Discovery of the Perverse.  The Psychology of Death in Fantasy and History, Piven Jerry (editor), Greenwood Praeger,  February 2004.

“Narcissism” and   “Narcissistic Neurosis” two entries in The Edinburgh International Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis; General Editor: Ross M. Skelton ( Trinity College, Dublin, Edinburgh University Press,2006) Pp. 319-320.

An Interdisciplinary Dialog on Violence: A Commentary, The Journal of Modern Psychoanalysis, Vol. 28, 2004).

Quantitative Analysis of Qualitative Clinical Data. Proceeding of the annual meeting of the Hawaii International Conference on Statistics, Hawaii, 2003. ISSN # 1539-7211.

Regional Disparities in Romania: Political Participation in a Transitional Society. (co-authored with Russell Schutt, Denisa Popescu and Ali Pirzadeh) The Discourse of Sociological Practice. Vo. 5, Number 1 2003, Pp.19-26.

“Utopian Pursuit of Death American Imago. 56: Pp.1-26 (number 1), 1999.

The Discourse of Time and The Structure of Psychic Reality, Modern Psychoanalysis. 2(23):197-209, 1998.

“Women in Multinational Corporations: Old Myths, New Constructions, and some Deconstruction. Co-authored with Arlene Dallalfar. Organization. 3(4):541-554, 1996.

“Metalinguistic Analysis of Therapeutic Discourse, “Journal of The American Psychoanalytic Association, 44: number 3: 837-862, 1996.

“On Cause, Teleology and the Question of Drive versus Wish: A Comment on Nigel Mackay’s Refutation of Purposive Explanations,” Modern Psychoanalysis, 21:19-29, 1996.

“The Social Psychology of Foreign Policy and the Politics of International Images.” Human Affairs 8 {October}: 18‑37, 1985.

“Cultural Preconceptions of Time: Can We Use Operational Time to Meddle in God’s Time?”, Comparative Studies in Society and History  27 {July}: 385‑400, 1985.

“Are Freudian Slips in Trouble?” Modern Psychoanalysis 10, No. 1, p. 79‑88, 1985.

“Probability, Confirmation and Information of Theories.” Pp. 201‑261 in Lee Frees (ed.) Theoretical Methods in Sociology,  University of Pittsburgh Press, 1980.

“Drug Addicts and Addiction: Cultural Stereotypes and Clinical Theories.” Urban Life: A Journal of Ethnographic Research 7 {April}: 45‑66, 1979.

“Probability of a Theory or a Hypothesis: Some of the Uses and Misuses of the Concept of Probability.” Sociology & Social Research 62 {January}: 43‑62. [Co‑authored with Richard Ogles], 1978.

“Role Playing: An Alternative to What?” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin           3 {2}, 1977.

“Prediction and Inference in Criminology.” Criminology: An Interdisciplinary Journal 14 {August}: 177‑188. [Co‑authored with Richard Ogles], 1976.

“Reaction to the Stanford Prison Experiment: Movahedi and Banuazizi Reply.” Published in Readings in Social Psychology: Contemporary Perspective.  Edited by Dennis Krebs. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.

“Methodological Schizophrenia: A Problem in the Sociology of Science.” International Journal of Contemporary Sociology 13 {January & April}: 79‑92, 1976.

“How Should One Load the Dice?” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 17 {September} 312‑314, 1976.

“Loading the Dice in Favor of Madness. “Journal of Health and Social Behavior16 {June}: 192‑197, 19975.

“Interpersonal Dynamics in a Simulated Prison: A Methodological Analysis.” American Psychologist 30 {February}: 152‑160.  [Co‑authored with Ali Banuazizi], 1975.

“Role Playing and Its Associated Problems of Inference: Movahedi & Banuazizi Reply.” American Psychologist 30 {October}: 1016‑1018, 1975.

“A Comment on the Distinction between Formal Statements and Empirical Propositions and Its Implication for Some Critiques of  Parsons.” Sociological Research Symposium, Vol. 1, pp. 10‑16, published by Virginia Commonwealth University, 1973.

Axiomatic Theory, Informative Value of Propositions and Derivation Rules of Ordinary Language.” American Sociological Review 38: 416‑424,  [Co‑authored with Richard Ogles], 1973.


On The Freud Watch: Public Memoirs by Paul Roazen (2003). Free

Association Book,  Modern Psychoanalysis, Vol. 30, No.1, Pp.129-134. The journal came in 2006.

Violence Workers: Police Torturers and Murderers Reconstruct Brazilian Atrocities, by Martha Huggins, Mika Haritos-Fatouros and Philip Zimbardo, Journal of the South Eastern Latin Americanist, Volume XLVII, No. 1,2; Pp. 141-145, 2003.

The Contemporary Kleinian of London, Roy Schafer (EDT), International University Press, 1997, pp. 440. Modern Psychoanalysis

Working With Resistance, Martha Stark. Northvale, New Jersey: Jason Aronson, 1994. 302 pp. Modern Psychoanalysis, Pp. 102-104, 1995.

Melanie Klein, Volume I: First Discoveries And First System, 1919-1932. Jean-Michel Petot. Trans. Christine Trollop. Madison Connecticut: International University Press, 1990. 314 PP, 1991.

Melanie Klein, Volume Ii: The Ego And The Good Object, 1932-1966. Jean-Michel Petot. Trans. Christine Trollop. Madison Connecticut: International University Press, 1991. 282 pp. Modern Psychoanalysis., 1992.

Psychotherapy in a New Key, by Hans Strupp and Jeffrey Binder. Modern Psychoanalysis, Vol. 11, No. one & Two, 1986.

Networks, Exchange and Coercion: The Elementary Theory and Its Application, by David Miller and Bo Anderson. American  Journal of Sociology 84 {July}:270‑273, 1983.

Reviewer & Critic, The IQ Game: A Methodological Inquiry into the Heredity‑Environment Controversy  by Howard F. Taylor. Author Meets the Critics Session of the Annual Meeting of Eastern   Sociological Society, Philadelphia, 1983.

Techniques and Problems of Theory Construction in Sociology,” by Gerald Hage. International Journal of Contemporary Sociology {1 & 2}: 144‑145, 1977.

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Joan White, Psya.D., MSW, Cert.Psya.

Contact Information

Personal Statement

I started working with underprivileged youth in NYC at a children’s theater and as a camp director which eventually led to my becoming a social worker. I soon realized that while my creativity and intuitive responses to children were helpful, they were not strong enough tools to manage the emotional demands required of me. I was introduced to modern psychoanalysis and found the concepts of transference, countertransference and resistance to be pragmatic and supportive personally and professionally. I was fortunate that when I moved to Boston so did modern psychoanalysis.

As an educator, I have been committed to introducing modern theory and technique to teachers through the school based program and developing collaborative conferences for educators.

Research & Interests

My dissertation on psychic restructuring after catastrophic trauma has led to further study of trauma informed modalities. I became a certified teacher in QiGong and Tai Chi when my research led me to studies documenting the success of these evidence based modalities in treating trauma. They have also been shown to be efficacious in treating other emotional symptoms such as problems with focus, anxiety and depression.


White, J.(1985).The Chemistry of a Psychoanalysis.Mod Psychonanal.,10:199-215.
White, J(1997). Adolescent Conflicts. Mod. Psy...22: 175-179..
White, J.(2001).Adolescent Search for the First Object. Mod. Psy.93-97.

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Mara Sanadi Wagner, Psy.D., Cert.Psya.

Contact Information

Personal Statement

My interest in theoretical depth and clinical mastery brought me from psychology to psychoanalysis. I am interested in how the truth can set us free, and in the many areas of life in which this can take place: psychoanalysis, literature, art, music, film…

My mixed cultural background draws my eye to overarching ways to understand human experience that partake of many traditions. I enjoy the kind of learning that can take place within and between people with opening minds.


Cert.Psya., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 1998.
Psy.D., Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology, 1985.


Echo-location and the dynamics of containment
The uses of fantasy in psychoanalytic research


(1995) Book Review, Counterresistance: The Therapist's Interference With the Therapeutic Process, Gerald Schoenwolf. Northvale; N.J. Jason Aronson, Inc., 1993, 301 pages. In Modern Psychoanalysis, 1995, vol. 20 no. 20 pp. 118-121.
"The Man Who Mistook His Life For A Map," unpublished research study of the fantasies of a man seeking direction.

Blog Posts

More Movie Analysis: The Lovers
The English Patient


I often present at clinics, college classrooms, and counseling centers. Topics include:

  • Engaging difficult patients
  • Treating money inside the clinical relationship
  • Working with dreams
  • Unpacking film and literature
  • Psychoanalysis in the 21st Century

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Jill Solomon, Psya.D

Contact Information

Personal Statement


Psya.D., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 2011.
Cert. Psya., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 2000.
M.S.W., Hunter College, 1983.

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Stephen Soldz, Ph.D., Cert.Psya.

Contact Information

Personal Statement

Stephen Soldz is a professor, clinical psychologist, and psychoanalyst with a specialization in research methodologies. In addition to teaching at BGSP since 1989, he has taught at Boston University; Boston College; Harvard Medical School; and the University of Massachusetts, Boston. During the 2016-2017 academic year he was a Fellow-in-Residence at the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics at Harvard University. In the fall of 2019, he will be an adjunct professor at Tufts University’s Experimental College.

Dr. Soldz has been research director of several nonprofit and for-profit consulting organizations. He has consulted to federal, state, and local governments, as well as corporate and nonprofit organizations, including the Department of Defense, the North Carolina Department of Corrections, and the Massachusetts Department of Public Health. His research has focused on research methodologies, substance abuse, tobacco control, personality, lifespan development, and psychotherapy research.

From 2006,, Dr. Soldz has been a leader in a movement to remove psychologists from sometimes abusive national security interrogations and to change the American Psychological Association’s (APA) permissive policies allowing that involvement. These efforts bore fruit in 2015 when a report commissioned by the APA (Hoffman Report) documented extensive collusion between the APA and the Defense Department. Release of the report led the APA to vote to remove psychologists from national security interrogations and from detention sites, such as Guantánamo, which the UN has declared operate in violation of international law. In response, in fall 2015, the Defense Department withdrew psychologists from any involvement in detainee relations at Guantánamo.

This work expanded beyond interrogations to encompass ethical issues raised by other forms of psychologist involvement in military and intelligence operations, an area known as “operational psychology.” As part of this effort he wrote or coauthored over 100 articles, journal papers, and book chapters and was interviewed by press from around the world, including CNN, New York Times, Washington Post, NPR, the Associated Press, and radio in South Africa, Jamaica, Switzerland, Australia, among many others. Soldz was a lead author of the report “All the President’s Psychologists: The American Psychological Association’s Secret Complicity with the White House and US Intelligence Community in Support of the CIA’s ‘Enhanced’ Interrogation Program,” featured on the front page of the May 1, 2015 New York Times. He was President of Psychologists for Social Responsibility, a cofounder of the Coalition for an Ethical Psychology, and currently is an Advisor to Physicians for Human Rights and a member of the Council of Representatives of the American Psychological Association.

Dr. Soldz has won numerous awards including Best Paper, Journal of Research in Personality; Distinguished Psychoanalytic Educator, International Federation for Psychoanalytic Education (IFPE); Vision Award, National Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis (NAAP); Leadership Award, American Psychological Association Division 39 (Psychoanalysis); and the Anthony J. Marsella Award, Psychologists for Social Responsibility.

Along with his other interests, Dr. Soldz is interested in ways in which the understanding of individual, group, and organizational dynamics provided by psychoanalysis can enrich social change efforts. Psychoanalysis, he believes, can help understand the “human factor” that can help or hinder effective change strategies.


Cert.Psya., Boston Center for Modern Psychoanalytic Studies, 1988.
Ph.D., Boston University, 1986.
M.Ed., Lesley College, 1978.


Soldz, S. & McCullough, L. (Eds.), (2000). Reconciling empirical knowledge and clinical experience: The art and science of psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.


Soldz, S., & Arrigo, J.M., Frakt, D., Olson, B. (2018). Second response to Staal: Independent moral assessment, an essential requirement for ethical practice in operational psychology. Peace and Conflict 24, 460-463.

Soldz, S., & Arrigo, J.M., Frakt, D., Olson, B. (2018). Response to Staal: “Psychological ethics and operational psychology” — fundamental issues and methods. Peace and Conflict, 24, 448-456.

Soldz, S. (2018). Principles determine practice: Commentary on World Psychiatric Association Declaration on Participation of Psychiatrists in Interrogation of Detainees. Torture, 27, 96-97. [Invited commentary.]

Soldz, S., Olson, B., & Arrigo, J.M. (2017). Interrogating the ethics of operational psychology. Journal of Social and Community Psychology, 27, 273-286.

Zaman, B. & Soldz S. (2016). Why cannibal? Representation and defense in the Meiwes “German cannibal" case. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies 14, 69-80.

Kimball, S. & Soldz, S. (2014). Medical professionalism and abuse of detainees in the war on terror. British Medical Journal, 348: g2947. [Editorial.]

Eidelson , R., Pilisuk, M, & Soldz, S. (2011). The dark side of “Comprehensive Soldier Fitness.” American Psychologist, 66, 643-644.

Soldz, S. (2011). Fighting torture and psychologist complicity. Peace Review, 23, 12-20.

Soldz, S. (2008). Psychology and coercive interrogations in historical perspective. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 18, 592-613.

Olson, B. Soldz, S., & Davis, M. (2008). The ethics of interrogation and the American Psychological Association: A critique of policy and process. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine, 3, 1-15. Available online at: http://www.peh-med.com/content/3/1/3

Altman, N., Cushman, P., Goldsmith, M., Hartman, S., Hollander, N., Lesser, R. Lotto, D., McCarroll, J., Peoples, K., Riethmiller, R., Samuels, A., Soldz, S., & Stopford, A. (2007). Discussion of Neil Altman's paper 'Psychoanalysis and war.' Psychotherapy and Politics International, 5, 184-214.

Soldz, S. (2007). Thinking critically in the midst of the maelstrom: Can psychoanalysis help us stay sane in an insane world? [Introduction to Special section: Ideology and the Clinic.] Psychotherapy and Politics International, 5, 163-170.

Olson B. & Soldz S. (2007). Positive illusions and the necessity of a bright line forbidding psychologist involvement in detainee interrogations. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 7-1, 1-10.

Soldz, S. (2006). Models and meanings: Therapist effects and the stories we tell. (Invited commentary for Special Section). Psychotherapy Research, 16, 173-177.

Harrow, B., Tompkins, C.P., Mitchell, P., Smith, K.W., Soldz, S., Kasten, L., Fleming, K. (2006). The impact of publicly funded managed care on adolescent substance abuse treatment. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 32, 379-398.

Soldz, S. & Dorsey, E. (2005). Youth attitudes and beliefs toward alternative tobacco products: Cigars, bidis, and kreteks. Health Education and Behavior, 32, 549-566.

Soldz S. (2005). Pathways and prevention. (Editorial Comment). Addiction, 100, 733-734.

Soldz, S., Dorsey, E. & Huyser, D. J. (2003). The cigar as a drug delivery device: Youth use of blunts. Addiction, 98, 1379-1386.

Soldz, S., Huyser, D.J., & Dorsey, E. (2003). Characteristics of users of cigars, bidis, and kreteks and the relationship to cigarette use. Preventive Medicine, 37, 250-258.

Soldz, S., Huyser, D.J., & Dorsey, E. (2003). Youth preferences for cigar brands: Rates of use and characteristics of users. Tobacco Control, 12, 155-160.

Soldz, S. & Cui, X. (2002). Pathways through adolescent smoking: A seven-year longitudinal grouping analysis. Health Psychology, 21, 495-504.

Soldz, S., Panas, L., & Rodriguez-Howard, M. (2002). The reliability of the Massachusetts Substance Abuse Management Information System. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68U, 1057-1069.

Soldz, S., Clark, T.W., Stewart, E., Celebucki, C., & Klein-Walker, D. (2002). Decreased youth Tobacco use in Massachusetts 1996 to 1999: Evidence of tobacco control effectiveness. Tobacco Control, 11 (Supplement II), ii14-ii19.

Soldz, S. & Cui, X. (2001). A risk factor index predicting adolescent cigarette smoking: A seven year longitudinal study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15, 33-41.

Kreiner, P., Soldz, S., Berger, M., Elliott, E., Reynes, J., Williams, C., & Rodriguez-Howard, M. (2001). Social indicator-based measures of substance abuse consequences, risk, and protection at the town level. Journal of Primary Prevention, 21, 339-365.

Soldz, S., Kreiner, P., Clark, T., & Krakow, M. (2000). Trends in adolescent tobacco use: Is the Massachusetts Tobacco Control Program working? Preventive Medicine, 31, 1-9.

Soldz, S. & Vaillant, G.E. (1999). The Big Five personality traits and the life course: A 50-year longitudinal study. Journal of Research in Personality, 33, 208-232. [Selected as the Best Paper of 1999 by JRP]

Soldz, S. & Vaillant, G.E. (1998). A 50-year longitudinal study of defense use among inner city men: A validation of the DSM-IV defense axis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 186, 104-111.

Vaillant, G. E., Meyer, S., Muhamal, K. & Soldz, S. (1998). Are social supports in late midlife a cause or a result of successful physical aging? Psychological Medicine, 28, 1159-1168.

Donovan, J.M., Soldz, S., Kelly, H.F & Penk, W.E. (1998). Four addictions: The MMPI and discriminant function analysis. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 17, 41-55.

Budman, S.H., Demby, A., Soldz, S. & Merry, J. (1996). Group therapy for patients with personality disorders: Outcomes and dropouts. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 46, 357-377.

Soldz, S., Budman, S.H., Demby, A. & Merry, J. (1995). Personality traits as seen by patients, therapists and other group members: The Big Five in personality disorder groups. Psychotherapy, 32, 678-687.

Soldz, S., Budman, S.H., Demby, A. & Merry, J. (1995). The relation of defensive style to personality pathology and the Big Five personality factors. Journal of Personality Disorders, 9 ,356-370.

Soldz, S., Budman, S.H., Demby, A. & Merry, J. (1995). A short form of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales, Assessment, 2, 53-63.

Soldz, S., Budman, S.H., Demby, A. & Merry, J. (1993). Representation of Personality Disorders in Circumplex and Five-Factor Space: Explorations with a Clinical Sample, Psychological Assessment, 5, 41-52.

Soldz, S., Budman, S.H., Demby, A. & Merry, J. (1993). Diagnostic Agreement Between the Personality Disorder Examination and the MCMI-II, Journal of Personality Assessment, 60, 486-499.

Soldz, S., Budman, H., Davis, M. & Demby, A. (1993) . Beyond the Interpersonal Circumplex in group psychotherapy: The Structure and Relationship to Outcome of The Individual Group Member Interpersonal Process Scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49, 551-563.

Budman, S.H., Soldz, S., Demby, A. Davis, M. & Merry, J. (1993). What is cohesiveness? An empirical examination. Small Group Behavior, 24, 199-216.

Soldz, S. (1992). Negativity in psychotherapist evaluation of clients and personal acquaintances. International Journal of Personal Construct Psychology, 5, 393-411.

Soldz, S., Budman, S., & Demby, A. (1992). The relationship between Main Actor behaviors and treatment outcome in group psychotherapy. Psychotherapy research, 2, 52-62.

Soldz, S., Budman, S., Demby, A. & Feldstein, M. (1990). Patient activity and outcome in group psychotherapy: New findings. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 40, 53-62.

Budman, S., Soldz, S., Demby, A., Feldstein, M. & Springer, T. (1989). Cohesion, alliance and outcome in group psychotherapy: An empirical examination. Psychiatry, 52, 339-350. Translated into German as Kohasion, therapeutische allianz und therapieerfolg in der gruppenpsychotherapie: Eine empirische untersuchung. In V. Tschuschke & D. Czogalik (Eds.). Psychotherapie -- Welche effekte verandern? Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 369-386.

Soldz S. & Soldz, E. (1989). A difficulty with the Functionally Independent Construction measure of cognitive differentiation. International Journal of Personal Construct Psychology, 2, 315-322.

Soldz, S. (1989). Do psychotherapists use distinct construct subsystems for construing clients and acquaintances?: A repertory grid study. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 8, 98-112.

Soldz, S. (1988). Constructivist tendencies in recent psychoanalysis. International Journal of Personal Construct Psychology, 1, 329-347.

Soldz, S. (1988). The deficiency of deficiency theories: A critique of ideology in psychology. Practice, 6, 50-64.

Soldz, S. (1988). The construction of meaning: Piaget, Kegan and Psychoanalysis. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 18, 46 59.

Soldz, S. (1986). Construing of others in psychotherapy: Personal construct perspectives. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 16, 52 61.

Book Chapters

Soldz, S. & Reisner, S. (in press). Professional standards in the aftermath of torture: The struggles of the American Psychological Association. In Barela, S. J., Fallon, M., Gaggioli, G. & Ohlin, J. D. Torture and interrogation: Research on efficacy and Its integration with morality and legality. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Soldz, S. & Lee, Bandy X. (2019). Prologue to the second edition: Professions and Activism. In Lee, B. X. The dangerous case of Donald Trump: 37 psychiatrists and mental health experts assess a president, second ed. New York: St. Martins, xxvii-xiv.

Soldz, S. (2011). Deception detection and torture: The American Psychological Association serves the intelligence services. In Zwerling, P. (Ed.), The CIA on campus: Academic freedom and the national security state. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, pp. 113-146.

Soldz, S. (2011). Psychologists, torture, and civil society: Complicity, institutional failure, and the struggle for professional transformation. In Cohn, M. (Ed.), The United States and torture. New York: New York University Press, pp. 177-202.

Soldz, S. (2010). Psychologists defying torture: The path ahead. In Harris, A. & Botticelli, S. (Eds.), First, do no harm. Oxford, UK: Taylor and Francis, pp. 67-105.

Soldz, S. & Shalom, S. (2009). Perspectives towards war and peace in the United States. In Malley-Morrison, K. (Ed.), International perspectives on war and peace. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Soldz, S. (2009). Closing eyes to atrocities: U.S. psychologists, detainee interrogations, and response of the American Psychological Association. In Roseman, M. & Goodman, R. (Eds.), Interrogations, forced feedings, and the role of health professionals: New perspectives on international human rights, humanitarian law and ethics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Soldz, S. & Olson, B. (2008). Psychologists, detainee interrogations, and torture: Varying perspectives on nonparticipation. In Ojeda, A. (Ed.), The trauma of psychological torture. Westport, CT: Praeger, pp. 70-91.

Soldz, S. (2000). Toward a researcher-practitioner alliance: A personal journey. In S. Soldz, & L. McCullough, (Eds.), Reconciling empirical knowledge and clinical experience: The art and science of psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.

McCullough, L. & Soldz, S. (2000). Research and practice: Where are we? In S. Soldz, & L. McCullough, (Eds.), Reconciling empirical knowledge and clinical experience: The art and science of psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.

Davis, M., Budman, S.H., & Soldz, S.J. (2000). The Individual Group Member Interpersonal Process Scale. In A.P. Beck, L.R. Greene & Lewis, C.M. (Eds.), Process in therapeutic groups: A handbook of systems of analysis. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Soldz, S. (1997). The Interpersonal Circumplex in clinical research. In R. Plutchik & H.R. Conte (Eds.), Circumplex models of personality and emotion. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, pp. 411-428.

Soldz, S. (1996). Psychoanalysis and constructivism: Meaning-making from two perspectives. In H. Rosen & K.T. Kuehwein (Eds.), Constructing realities: Meaning-making perspectives for psychotherapists. New York: Jossey-Bass, 277-306.

Soldz, S. (1993). Beyond interpretation: Elaboration of transference in personal construct therapy. In L.M. Leitner & N.G.M. Dunnet (Eds.). Critical issues in personal construct therapy. Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co., 173-192.

Soldz, S. (1990). The therapeutic interaction: Research perspectives. In R. A. Wells & V. J. Giannetti, (Eds.). Handbook of the brief psychotherapies. New York: Plenum, 22-53.

Soldz S. (1987). The flight from relationship: Personal construct reflections on a psychoanalytic therapy. Chapter in G. Neimeyer & R. Neimeyer. (eds.). Personal construct therapy casebook. New York: Springer. Translated into Spanish as La fuga de la relacion: Reflexiones sobre la terapia psicoanalitcia desde la perspectiva de los constructos personales. In G. Neimeyer & R.

Neimeyer. (eds.). (1989). Casos de terapia de constructos personales, Bilbao, Spain: Desclee de Brouwer, S.A.


Soldz, S., Arrigo, J., & Olson, B. (2016). The Ethics of Operational Psychology Workshop, September 15-17, Brookline, MA — Report on Process, Findings, and Ethical Conundrums.

Soldz, S., Raymond, N., Reisner, S., (Coauthors): Allen, S., Keller, A. S., & Baker, I. (2015). All the President’s Psychologists: The American Psychological Association’s Secret Complicity with the White House and US Intelligence Community in Support of the CIA’s ”Enhanced” Interrogation Program. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/05/01/us/document-report.html

Keller, A. S., Dougherty, S., Allen, S., Soldz, S., Reisner, S., Iacopino, V., Brown, W., Raymond, N., & Granski, M. (2014). Doing Harm: Health Professionals’ Central Role in the CIA Torture Program. New York, NY: Physicians for Human Rights. Available at: https://s3.amazonaws.com/PHR_Reports/doing-harm-health-professionals-central-role-in-the-cia-torture-program.pdf

Eidelson, R. & Soldz, S. (2012). Does Comprehensive Soldier Fitness Work: CSF Research Fails the Test. Coalition for an Ethical Psychology Working Paper. Available at: http://www.ethicalpsychology.org/Eidelson-&-Soldz-CSF_Research_Fails_the_Test.pdf.

Raymond, N., Allen, S., Iacopino, V., Keller, A., Soldz, S., Reisner, S., & Bradshaw, J. (2010). Experiments in Torture: Evidence of Human Subject Research and Experimentation in the “Enhanced” Interrogation Program. Cambridge, MA: Physicians for Human Rights. Available at: https://s3.amazonaws.com/PHR_Reports/Experiments_in_Torture.pdf

Soldz, S. & Matsumoto, C. (2007). Rhode Island Tobacco-Related Health Disparities Strategic Plan Development: Case Study. Rhode Island Department of Health Tobacco Control Program.

Soldz, S. (2006). Evaluation as a Means to Sustainability in Real Choice Systems Change. Houston: ILRU Community Living Partnership: National State-to-State Technical Assistance Center. Available at: http://www.hcbs.org/files/91/4533/Vol_4_Iss_1.pdf.

Soldz, S., Mulkern, V. (2004). Assessment of Children: Issues and Instruments. New Brunswick, NJ: Community Living Exchange at Rutgers/National Academy for State Health Policy. Available at: http://www.communitylivingta.info/openFile.php/fid/3259/did/1169.

Soldz, S., Clark, T.W., Stewart, E., & Miller, B.A. (2000). Adolescent Tobacco Use in Massachusetts: Trends among Public School Students, 1984-1999. Boston: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Prepared by Health and Addictions Research, Inc.

Clark, T., Elliott, E., & Soldz, S. (2000). Drug Use Trends in Greater Boston and Massachusetts. Prepared for the National Institute on Drug Abuse Community Epidemiology Work Group. Boston, MA: Health and Addictions Research, Inc.

Cramer, I. & Soldz, S. (2000). Longitudinal Studies of Smoking Behavior: Are there differences in correlates and predictors of smoking for adolescent females and males? Boston: Health & Addictions Research, Inc. Prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

Soldz, S. & Cui, X. (1999). Longitudinal Studies of Smoking Behavior: A Longitudinal Grouping analysis of Adolescent Smokers. Boston: Health & Addictions Research, Inc. Prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

Clark, T., Elliott, E., & Soldz, S. (1999). Drug Use Trends in Greater Boston and Massachusetts. Prepared for the National Institute on Drug Abuse Community Epidemiology Work Group. Boston, MA: Health and Addictions Research, Inc.

Soldz, S. & the Methadone Phases of Treatment Team II (1999). Methadone Phases of treatment: a Pilot Study. Boston: Health & Addictions Research, Inc.

Elliott, E.A., Reynes, J., Berger, M., Soldz, S., & Kreiner, P. (1998) Indicators of Substance Use
in Massachusetts: 1985-1995. Boston: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Prepared by Health and Addictions Research, Inc.

Soldz, S. & Cui, X. (1999). Longitudinal Studies of Smoking Behavior: Constructing a Risk Factor Index for Adolescent Smokers. Boston: Health & Addictions Research, Inc. Prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

Kreiner, P., Soldz, S., Elliott, E. Berger, M., and Reynes, J. (1998). Massachusetts State
Treatment Needs Assessment Project: Social Indicator Study Final Report. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment contract no. 270-94-0016. Health and Addictions Research, Inc. for the Bureau of Substance Abuse Services, Massachusetts Department of Public Health.

Clark, T., Caspi, Y., Soldz, S., and Krakow, M. (1998) Preventing Adolescent Substance Use in
Massachusetts: A Focus Group Study. Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Bureau of Substance Abuse Services, Boston, MA.

Briton, N.J., Clark, T.W., Soldz, S., & Krakow, M. (1997). Adolescent Substance Use in
Massachusetts: Trends Among Public School Students 1984-1996. Boston: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Prepared by Health and Addictions Research, Inc.

Briton, N.J., Clark, T.W., Baker, A.K., Posner, J., Soldz, S., & Krakow, M. (1997). Adolescent
Tobacco Use in Massachusetts: Trends Among Public School Students 1984-1996. Boston: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Prepared by Health and Addictions Research, Inc.

Kreiner, P., Soldz, S., Elliott, E.A., Berger, M., Reynes, J. & Cui, X. (1997). Massachusetts State
Needs Assessment Project (MassSNAP): Prevention Needs Assessment Final Report. Boston: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. Prepared by Health and Addictions Research, Inc.

Soldz, S., Kagan, D., & Kue, P. C. (1997). Final Evaluation Report: Case management for
racial/ethnic minorities in treatment for substance abuse. A Center for Substance Abuse treatment Critical Populations Demonstration Grant awarded to the Drug and Alcohol Treatment Association of Rhode Island. Sudbury, MA: Advocates for Human Potential.

Soldz, S., Kagan, D., Kue, P.C., & Prost, C.A. (1997) Final Evaluation Report: Southeast Asian
Youth and Family Development Project (SAYED). An Agency for Children, Youths, and Families funded Demonstration Project to the City of Providence Mayor’s Council of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Sudbury, MA: Advocate for Human Potential.

Soldz, S. (1996) Final Evaluation Report: Project Second Beginning. A Pregnant and
Postpartum Woman and Infants Demonstration Project funded by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Sudbury, MA: Associates for Human Potential.


Soldz, S. (2007). “That psychologists have prevented abuse against detainees is a fantasy”: Answers to editor's questions on psychologists and interrogations. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. Available at: http://www.psykologforbundet.se/www/sp/hemsida.nsf/objectsload/Tortyr_swe_eng/$file/Tortyr_swe_eng.pdf

Soldz, S., Hudlichka, E., Gumpert, P., Gavrin, J., Dann, E., and Edwards, C. (1996). The Boston Institute for Psychotherapy Change Assessment Tool (BIP-CAT) Manual. Boston: Boston Institute for Psychotherapy.

Luborsky, L. , Diguer, L., Kächele, H., Dahlbender, R., Waldinger, W., Freni, S., Krause, R., Frevert, G., Bucci, W., Drouin, M-S., Fischmann, T., Seganti, A., Wischmann, T., Hori, S., Azzone, P., Pokorny, D., Staats, H., Zobel, H., Grenyer, B., Soldz, S., Anstadt, T., Schauenburg, H., Benninghoven, D., Stigler, M., Tchesnova, I., (1996). A Guide to the CCRT's Methods, Discoveries and Future. Available at: http://sip.medizin.uni-ulm.de/abteilung/projekte/CCRT/ccrtmain.html

Soldz, S., Bernstein, E., Rothberg, P., Budman, S., Demby, A., Feldstein, M., Springer, T., Keithly, L. & Powers, T. (1987). Harvard Community Health Plan Group Cohesiveness Scale -- Version II. Boston: Harvard Community Health Plan.

Budman, S., Springer, T., Soldz, S., Rothberg, P., Davis, M. & Feldstein, M. (1987). Individual Group Member Interpersonal Process Scale (IGIPS). Boston: Harvard Community Health Plan.

Soldz, S. (1986). Do Psychotherapists Construe Clients Differently than Personal Acquaintances? A Repertory Grid Study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Boston University.

Online Social Commentary

Since 2003 I have written over 100 articles of social commentary. Most were on issues involving the intersection of psychology and social issues. Online publication venues included CounterPunch, OpEdNews, Jurist, Daily Kos, Alternet, Common Dreams, ZNet, Never In Our Names, Scoop (New Zealand).

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Jane Snyder, Ph.D., Cert.Psya., President

Contact Information

Personal Statement

I have devoted my professional life to psychoanalysis because I find the field to be endlessly fascinating. I find that psychoanalysis offers the most in-depth approach to understanding another person or group and freeing them of self destructive patterns, as well as the most comprehensive approach to researching what makes a person tick.  It also provides the best lens for understanding symbolic communication and emotional development which I personally pursued first through my studies in literature, later in my doctoral studies in developmental psychology in which I studied children’s creative use of language. I subsequently trained in clinical work with children and families, and entered psychoanalytic training in order to learn more about working with unconscious dynamics. I have been learning ever since. I enjoy writing and doing research on particular issues in treatment, such as enactment in the transference, adolescent aggression and sexuality, perversions, and symbolic communication. I have also done research and writing in the area of family violence and was a co-director of the Institute for the Study of Violence, now the program in Psychoanalysis, Society  and Culture.  Other areas of interest include love and marriage, creativity and the application of psychoanalytic understanding to literature.  I enjoy working with colleagues and students, sharing new ideas and working together to understand clinical, organizational and social issues.  I believe that to solve the problems  of today’s world we will need to use what we know about the deepest layers of human motivation and work with colleagues in other disciplines to promote constructive and cooperative interaction.


M.A., Boston University, 1975.
Ph.D., Boston University, 1980.
M.A., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 1996.
Cert.Psya., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 1996.


(2014) Snyder, J. Journal review:Bohleber, W., Fonagy, P., Jimenez, J.P., Scarfone, D., Varvin, S., Zysman, S. (2013) “Towards a better use of psychoanalytic concepts: A model illustrated using the concept of enactment”. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 94: 501-530. Journal of Analytical Psychology,59: 599-603.

(2011) Snyder, J. Bringing to Mind: Psychoanalytic research with patients on the primitive edge, Modern Psychoanalysis, 36: 42-51.

(2011) Snyder, J. The dangers of an ethical code.  Modern Psychoanalysis, 36:212-238.

(2006) Snyder, J. Modern psychoanalysis meets Andre Green: The Case of Z. Modern Psychoanalysis, 31, 25-44.

(2003) Snyder, J. Why violence? An introduction. Modern Psychoanalysis, 28:163-166.

(2003) Snyder, J. On violence: An epilogue. Modern Psychoanalysis, 28:259-265.

(2002) Snyder, J. Reconciling Empirical Knowledge and Clinical Experience: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy. Stephen Soldz & Leigh McCullough, eds. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Assoc., 2000. 286 pp. Modern Psychoanalysis, 27:  159-161.

(2001) Snyder, J., Rogers, K. The Violent Adolescent: The Urge to Destroy Versus the Urge to Feel Alive. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 62: 237-253.

(2001) Snyder Gutowski, J. Why marriage? Modern Psychoanalysis, 26:55-61.

(2000) Snyder-Gutowski, J. A boy who was a girl…Modern Psychoanalysis, 25: 191-197.

(1998)  Snyder, J. The Seed of Madness: Constitution, Environment, and Fantasy in The Organization of the Psychotic Core. V.D. Volkan & S. Akhtar (eds) Madison, CT: IUP, 1997, 213 pp. Modern Psychoanalysis, 23: 253-255.

(1992) Snyder, J. Gender Disorders and Paraphilias. W.B. Arndt, Madison Ct: IUP, 1991. 488 pp. Modern Psychoanalysis, 17:  110-111.

(1989) White, K.M., Snyder, J., Bourne, R., Newberger, E. (1989). Treating Child Abuse and Family Violence in Hospitals. Lexington, MA: Heath. (Winner of the American Journal of Nursing Book of the Year Award in pediatric nursing.)

(1987) White, K.M., Snyder, J., Bourne, R., and Newberger, E.H. Treating Family Violence in a Pediatric Hospital: A Program of Training, Research, and Services. U.S. Governmental Printing Office, DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 87-1504.

(1986) Snyder, J.C. and Newberg, E.H. Consensus and differences among hospital professionals in evaluating child maltreatment. Violence and Victims, Vol. 1, pp. 125-139.

(1986) Katz, M., Hampton, R.L., Newberger, E.H., Bowles, R.T., and Snyder, J.C. Returning children home: Clinical decision making in cases of child abuse and neglect. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56:253-262.

(1985) Bithoney, W., Snyder, J., Michalek, J., Newberger, E. Childhood ingestions as symptoms of family distress. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 139:456-459.

(1983) Snyder, J., Hampton, R., and Newberger, E. Family dysfunction: Family violence, neglect, and sexual misuse and abuse. In Levine, M.D., Carey W.B., Crocker, A.C., Gross, R.T. (Eds.) Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics. Philadelphia: Saunders.

(1982) Snyder, J., Bowles, R., Newberger, E. Bridging research and practice on family violence: Potential of a hospital based training program. Urban and Social Change Review, 15:3-7.

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Mary Shepherd, Psya.D., M.A., Cert.Psya.

Contact Information

Personal Statement

In the late 1970s I attended a seminar on narcissism taught by Modern Psychoanalysts who had come to Boston from New York, filled with infectious enthusiasm for an advanced theory and technique which they had found to be far more efficacious than traditional psychoanalysis, particularly when working with severe problems. I was hooked. I began training with them and soon was able to see the effect of the new techniques in my private practice.
My interest in efficacy, what works and why, has continued to this day and has led me to study neuroscience. The explosion of discoveries about brain functioning which began in the ’80s has both corroborated and amplified much of modern psychoanalytic theory. Consequently, when the opportunity arose to study neuroscience and integrate it with psychoanalysis and social science in our Institute for the Study of Violence, I decided to take it.


Current areas of interest inlude evolutionary theory and psychoanalysis, neuroscience and psychoanalysis, and psychoanalysis and the creative process. Dr. Shepherd is the winner of the Gradiva Award for the best article in psychoanalysis, 2012.


Shepherd, M. (2001). Anaclitic considerations in severe negative states. Modern Psychoanalysis, 26:1, pp.77-83.

Shepherd, M. (2004). Single-Case study methodology and the contact function. Modern Psychoanalysis, 29:2, pp.163-170.

Shepherd, M. (2005). Toward a psychobiology of desire, drive theory in the time of neuroscience. Modern Psychoanalysis. 30:1, pp. 43-59.

Shepherd, M. (2008) The silent revolution in psychoanalysis: Hyman Spotnitz and the reversibility of schizophrenia. Modern Psychoanalysis. 33:2, pp.3-22.

Shepherd, M. (2009). Essay: Why Psychoanalysis? The process from drive to mind. The Contact, BGSP publication.

Shepherd, M. (2009). The perilous umm: a note on the contact function and a countertransference resistance. Modern Psychoanalysis. 34:2, pp.84-96.

Shepherd, M. (2012). Speaking the never spoken: the challenge of id analysis, Modern Psychoanalysis, 37:1, pp. 3-47.

Shepherd, M. (2012). Is change possible? Modern Psychoanalysis, 37:2, pp.1-10.

Shepherd, M. (2014). Revisiting the repetition compulsion: danger and survival in early mental functioning. Modern Psychoanalysis, 38:1, pp. 2-15.

Awards & Honors

Honors: Phi Beta Kappa
Awards: Gradiva Award, 2013, Best Psychoanalytic Article

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Lynn Perlman, Ph.D., Cert.Psya., Dean of Graduate Studies

Contact Information

Personal Statement

I came to BGSP in 1977. Having just completed my Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, I was only interested in taking a course or two. To my surprise, I found a school that provided a unique experience for me. The primary interest was in my emotional and intellectual maturation. It was explained that the goal of the school is to work with each individual to develop her/his personality in a manner that is therapeutic. What an amazing opportunity! I could learn to be a better therapist as I enriched my life personally. I have been here ever since. I take great pleasure in being part of a faculty that works to develop therapeutic personalities in everyone. Psychoanalysis, particularly what we call Modern Psychoanalysis, is fascinating to me. It provides me with a continual source for challenge and growth.


Cert. Psya., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 1986.
Ph.D., City University of New York, 1971.


Twins, Infancy, Pregnancy, Sibling Rivalry, Fear of Women, Maternal Sexuality


Perlman, Lynn "Looking for Love: The Twin Factor" Modern Psychoanalysis vol xxvi: number 1 2001
Perlman, Lynn "The Analyst's Pregnancy: Transference and Countertransference Reactions" Modern Psychoanalysis vol XI: 1 & 2 1986.
Meadow, P.W. and Perlman, L and Bernstein, J. (in press) "Ethics in Mythology, Religion and Literature". In Meadow, P.W. In the Interest of the Patient

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Leslie Barnard

Personal Statement

Meet the Faculty

Dr. Helen Michael, M.S.W.

Contact Information

Personal Statement

I was originally trained as a social worker, and I came to BGSP in the 1970s to see what psychoanalytic training could offer in terms of expanding my clinical skills. When I signed up for the Infancy course, I wasn’t quite sure what I was going to get, but I soon knew that I had never seen anything quite like it before. This was process teaching, and I became fascinated by the powerful impact that could be achieved through emotional communication. As someone who loves literature and loves to write, I have also been delighted with how nicely modern psychoanalysis meshes with these interests. The great themes of literature are in all of us, as authors struggle with their unconscious conflicts during the process of creating. Work inhibition has become a particular area of interest for me, and it’s satisfying to find that psychoanalysis can be effective, both in the working through of blocks that interfere with productivity and in the enrichment of the work itself, allowing us to deal better with conflict as we become more comfortable with ourselves.


Psya.D., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 2011.
Cert. Psya., Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, 2001.
M.S.W. Smith College